After 12th, most common subjects are Engineering or Medical courses in India.
Engineering is a 4-year course, whereas the duration for the MBBS course is 5.5 years, which includes 4.5 years of curriculum plus 1 year of rotating internship.
Before admission, there are various factors, which are explained here. All type of Under Graduate(UG) has been controlled & Approved by All India Council For Technical Education (AICTE).
AS per AICTE 3220 Engineering college with intake capacity, 14,77,448 seats are available for educational session 2017-18.
Total Nos. of MBBS seats are 64670 & 466 colleges mentioned on the Medical Council India (MCI) website as of 18.06.2017.
ABOUT ENGINEERING & MEDICAL COURSES FROM IIT, NIT, IITS, AIIMS
It means that Engineering seats are 22 times more than Medical seats. So Engineers are visible in every job with their core jobs.
% of marks in 12th Board:-
There is a need of minimum 75% marks in PCMB (Physics, Chemistry, Maths & Biology) for admission in any reputed Engineering Medical/ Engineering colleges.
Choice of Coaching classes:-
Various types of coaching are available for preparation such as 2-year classroom program, 1-year classroom program, virtual classes of the reputed institute & also correspondence course.
There are many coaching classes all over India such as 1. Resonance. 2. Bansal Classes. 3. FIITJEE 4.Narayana. 5.Allen Career Institute. 6.Vidya Mandir Classes. 7. Aakash Institute.
Selection of city for the preparation:-
All-Metro city has the center of the reputed coaching institute. But KOTA (Rajasthan), New Delhi, Patna & Ranchi are the most preferred destination for north Indians. As per your need, you can choose any one city for your daughter or son.
List of engineering/Medical Exams:-
Main exams for Engineering & Medical is IIT & NEET respectively. NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture) is a specific exam for the Architecture or Planner course.
Other Exams for engineering are VITEEE,COMEDK,CUSAT,SRMJEE,WBJEE,BITSAT,MUOET,UPES,NPTI, State-wise exams etc. Exams for Medical are AIIMS,AFMC,KMC,JIPMER etc.
I. Yearwise Cutoff Marks of IIT JEE
The cutoff marks for IIT JEE 2022 were as follows:
- General: 203
- OBC: 195
- SC: 165
- ST: 135
The cutoff marks for IIT JEE in 2021 were as follows:
- General: 206
- OBC: 198
- SC: 168
- ST: 138
here are the cutoff marks for IIT JEE in 2020:
- General: 195
- OBC: 187
- SC: 157
- ST: 127
Yearwise Medical exam Cutoff of year 2020,2021 & 2022:-
here are the cutoff marks for NEET in 2020:
- General: 146
- OBC: 137
- SC: 113
- ST: 93
here are the cutoff marks for NEET in 2021:
- General: 720-138
- OBC: 718-121
- SC: 137-108
- ST: 136-107
here are the cutoff marks for NEET in 2022:
- General: 715-117
- OBC: 713-100
- SC: 136-107
- ST: 135-106
Most common Engineering streams are:-
Petroleum Engineering, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Agricultural Engineering, Architecture Engineering, Automobile Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Ceramics Engineering, Computer Science Engineering, Electronics & Comm.Engineering, Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Power Engineering, Environmental Science Engineering, Information Science Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Industrial Production Engineering, Instrumental Technology, Marine Engineering, Mining Engineering, Manufacturing Science Engineering, Naval Architecture Engineering, Nanotechnology Engineering, Polymer Technology Engineering, Carpet Technology Engineering, Leather Technology, Textile Engineering, Genetic Engineering, etc.
Most common MBBS/Medical Courses are:-
MBBS Degree, BUMS Unani, BHMS Homeopathy, BAMS Ayurveda, BNYS Naturopathy, BDS Dental, BVSc Veterinary, etc. After MBBS, post-graduate level studies (MD or MS) can be conducted and there are many specializations including General Medicine, General Surgery, Paediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Dermatology, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics, ENT, Psychiatry and Anaesthesiology.
List of IIT, NIT & IIITs Colleges:-
There are a total of 23 IITs as per the MHRD website & No. of seats as per the Academic Year 2017-18 shown as Joint Seat Allocation Authority 2017 website at
1. Chennai ( 838 seats), 2. Mumbai (929 seats), 3. New Dehli (851 seats), 4. Kharagpur (1341 seats),5. Kanpur 827 seats), 6. Roorkee (975 seats), 7. Hyderabad (285 seats), 8.Gandhinagar (180 seats), 9. Ropar-Rupnagar (260 seats), 10. Patna (225 seats), 11. Guwahati (645 seats), 12. BHU Varanasi (1090 seats), 13. Indore (260 seats), 14. Mandi (150 seats), 15. Jodhpur (180 seats), 16. Bhubaneswar (350 seats), 17 Jammu (120 seats), 18. Palakkad (120 seats), 19. ISM Dhanbad (912 seats), 20. Bhilai (120 seats), 21. Tirupati (120 seats), 22. Goa (90 seats), 23. Dharwad (120 seats)
There are a total of 31 NITs
as per MHRD website at 1. Jallandhar (Punjab), 2. Jaipur, Rajasthan 3. Jaipur, Rajasthan, 4. Allahabad,5. Mizoram, Chaltlang, Aizawl 6. Warangal, 7. Yupia, District Papum Pare, Arunachal Pradesh 8.Silchar, Assam 9. Patna, Bihar 10. Calicut 11. Raipur, Chhattisgarh 12. Delhi 13. Hamirpur, H.P. 14. Kurukshetra, Haryana 15. Hazaratbal, Srinagar, J&K 16. Jamshedpur, Jharkhand 17. Manipur 18. Meghalaya 19. Nagaland 20. Rourkela, Orissa 21. Puducherry 22. Goa, 23. Srinivasa Nagar Surathkal, 24. Sikkim, Barfung Block, Ravangla Sub-Division, South Sikkim 25. Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu 26. Agartala, Tripura 27. Srinagar (Garhwal), Uttarkhand 28. Durgapur, WEST BENGAL 29. Ichchhanath, Surat, Gujarat 30. Nagpur 31. Andhra Pradesh
There is a total of 5 Govt. IIITs and 19 IIITs on PPP Mode
as per MHRD website at 1. Chennai, 2. Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh 3. Jabalpur, 4. Gwalior,5. Allahabad, and IIITS on PPP mode 1. Ranchi, 2. Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, 3.Kalyani, West Bengal, 4. Una, Himachal Pradesh, 5. Vadodara Gujarat, 6. Kota, Rajasthan, 7. Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, 8. Sonepat, Haryana 9. Senapati, Manipur, 10. Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, 11. Kottayam, Kerala, 12. Dharwad, Karnataka, 13. Pune, Maharashtra, 14. Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, 15. Agartala, Tripura, 16. Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, 17. Nagpur, Maharashtra, 18. Surat, Gujarat 19. Guwahati
Your priority before choosing a subject for graduation:-
First thing is your rank in the respective competitive exam for medical & Engineering. As per your rank, you will be called for counseling at various institutes.
After that, you should find your interest in choosing the subject for graduation.
Nowadays it is easy to take a loan for your education (College must be affiliated with AICTE or MCI).
So you can take a loan based on your parent’s income. The last thing is the job availability of the selected course. Considering all factors, you choose your future.
FACT SHEET OF 2023-24 SESSION FOR ENGINEERING
- Total registered students: 1,89,744
- Total student appeared in exam : 1,80,372
- Total qualified finally: 43,773
- Total Male students: 36,264
- Total Female : 7,509
- Total seats in IITs: 17,385
- Total seats in NITs: 23,954
- Total Seats in IIIts: 7,746
- Total seats in GFTI: 8,067
The courses available in IITs depend on the rank obtained by the candidate. The following is a list of courses available in IITs along with the approximate rank required for admission:
- Computer Science and Engineering (CSE): CSE is the most sought-after course in IITs. The approximate rank required for admission to a CSE course in IIT Bombay is 100 or lower.
- Electrical Engineering (EE): EE is the second most sought-after course in IITs. The approximate rank required for admission to an EE course in IIT Bombay is 200 or lower.
- Mechanical Engineering (ME): ME is the third most sought-after course in IITs. The approximate rank required for admission to an ME course in IIT Bombay is 300 or lower.
- Civil Engineering (CE): CE is the fourth most sought-after course in IITs. The approximate rank required for admission to an CE course in IIT Bombay is 400 or lower.
- Chemical Engineering (CH): CH is the fifth most sought-after course in IITs. The approximate rank required for admission to an CH course in IIT Bombay is 500 or lower.
These are just approximate ranks and may vary depending on the IIT and the course. The actual cut-offs are released by the IITs after the JEE Advanced results are announced.
In addition to these courses, there are also a number of other engineering courses that are available after qualifying JEE Advanced. These courses include:
- Aerospace Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Computer Science and Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Electronics and Communication Engineering
- Industrial Engineering
- Materials Science and Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metallurgy and Materials Engineering
- Mining Engineering
- Petroleum Engineering
The precise course options available will vary depending on the IIT. Candidates can check with the respective IITs for more information.
It is important to note that the cut-offs for admission to IITs are very competitive. In order to get a good rank in JEE Advanced, candidates need to study hard and prepare well for the exam.
MEDICAL EXAM FACT SHEET OF 2023-24 SESSION
- Total registered students: 20,87,462
- Total student appeared in exam : 20,38,596
- Total qualified finally: 11,45,976
- Total Male students: 4,90,374
- Total Female :6,55,599
- NEET qualified candidates will become eligible for admission in the following:
- MBBS, BDS courses
- AYUSH Courses – BAMS, BUMS, BHMS, BYNS, BSMS
- BVSc & AH
- B.Sc Nursing
The courses available in NEET depend on the rank obtained by the candidate. The following is a list of courses available in NEET along with the approximate rank required for admission:
- MBBS: The most sought-after course under NEET is MBBS. The approximate rank required for admission to an MBBS course in a government medical college is 5000 or lower.
- BDS: Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) is the second most sought-after course under NEET. The approximate rank required for admission to a BDS course in a government medical college is 15000 or lower.
- BAMS: Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine, and Surgery (BAMS) is a course in Ayurveda medicine. The approximate rank required for admission to a BAMS course in a government medical college is 25000 or lower.
- BHMS: Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS) is a course in homeopathic medicine. The approximate rank required for admission to a BHMS course in a government medical college is 35000 or lower.
- BPT: Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) is a course in physiotherapy. The approximate rank required for admission to a BPT course in a government medical college is 45000 or lower.
These are just approximate ranks and may vary depending on the state of domicile and the medical college. The actual cut-offs are released by the respective State Medical Counselling Boards after the NEET results are announced.
In addition to these courses, there are also a number of other allied health science courses that are available after qualifying NEET. These courses include:
- Medical Laboratory Technology
- Occupational Therapy
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Biomedical Engineering
The precise course options available will vary depending on the state of domicile and the medical college. Candidates can check with the respective State Medical Counselling Boards for more information.
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